University Collections of Art and History

Object Record

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Catalog Number 2008.9.503
Object Name Cup, Coffee
Description This cup is decorated with the initials "D.M." and the crest and motto of the MacNaughten family of Scotland.

Typically, two initials would represent the first and last names of the original owner. However, no D. MacNaughten is known. However, Francis MacNaughten married Letitia Dunkin in 1787, so the initials could represent their last names. Many individuals did not adhere to the rules, or even the customs, of heraldry, and used the symbols of their families in ways that satisfied their own needs and desires.

Francis was an attorney for the British East India Company, serving as a judge on the Supreme Court of Madras and Bengal. His time in India would have given him ample opportunity to order personalized porcelain.
Year Range from 1793.0
Year Range to 1797.0
Material Hard Paste Porcelain
Place of Origin Made in Jingdezhen, Decorated in Guangzhou (Canton), China
Collection The Reeves Center
Collector David Sanctuary Howard Collection of Armorial Porcelain Coffee Cups
On View Reeves Center, Chinese Armorial Gallery