University Collections of Art and History

Object Record

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Catalog Number 2013.42.1
Object Name Plate
Description Circular dish with an up-curved rim and inset footring, transfer-printed in underglaze blue with a kraak-style pattern consisting of a border divided into alternating wide and narrow panels containing flowers and precious objects and a central scene of a vase of flowers in the well.

On the underside of the plate is printed in blue the royal arms of England consisting of a crowned, oval shield supported by a lion and a unicorn and a banner inscribed "IMP IRONSTONE CHINA/ STOKE WORKS."

This pattern is based on Chinese export porcelain made between about 1575 and 1640 and known as kraak porcelain. The term "kraak" is thought to be a corruption of "carrack" which is the type of trading vessel used by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. Kraak was the first type of Chinese export to come to Europe in large quantities. It was popular throughout the seventeenth century, and was copied in Japanese export porcelain and Dutch and English tin-glazed earthenware.

The kraak pattern had fallen out of fashion by the turn of the eighteenth century, and was not collected as an antique until the second half of the nineteenth century, so it is somewhat unexpected that the style would have been revived in the 1830s.

The plate is made of "stone china," which is a strong, dense ceramic body whose glassy body and grayish glaze was designed to imitate Chinese porcelain. It was developed by potters in Staffordshire, England, around 1800, and continued in use throughout the nineteenth century.

The mark on the underside is thought to be that of Stephen Folch, whose pottery was located in Church Street in Stoke, Staffordshire, England. He is listed in 1822 and 1828 directories, suggesting he was working between about 1820 and 1830.
Year Range from 1820.0
Year Range to 1830.0
Material Ironstone
Place of Origin Possibly Made by Stephen Folch, Staffordshire, England
Collection The Reeves Center
On View No