|Object Name||Cup, Coffee|
This cup was is part of a large dinner and tea service made for John Elwick, a director of the Honourable East India Company from 1713 to 1720. It is the earliest datable use of the grisaille (shades of gray) palette of overglaze enamel.
The grisaille palette was developed sometime during the 1720s. Père d'Entrecolles, a Jesuit missionary who toured Jingdezhen in the 1710s and early 1720s, gives a rare glimpse of the experimentation that led to the development of the new palette. "They [the Chinese] have attempted to paint some China-Vessels black, with the finest China-Ink, but without success, for when the Vessels were baked they were found to be very white; for which reason it was supposed that the black Colour, not being substantial enough, was dissipated by the Action of the Fire, or else they had not sufficient Strength to penetrate the Lay of Varnish [glaze], or produce a Colour different from Varnish alone." As Elwick died in 1730, this service was probably ordered in the late 1720s.
Elwick's brother Nathanial was also part of the East India Company; serving as governor of Fort St. George in Madras, India.
|Year Range from||1728|
|Year Range to||1730|
|Material||Hard Paste Porcelain|
|Place of Origin||Made in Jingdezhen, China|
|Collection||The Reeves Center|
|Credit line||Gift of H.F. Lenfest and Beverly M. DuBose III|
|On View||Reeves Center, Chinese Armorial Gallery|
|Gallery ID Number||2018|