University Collections of Art and History

Object Record

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Catalog Number 2008.9.39
Object Name Cup, Coffee
Description This cup is from a service made for the London merchant John Hanbury (1700-58) and his wife Anna Osgood.

Based in London, Hanbury was the leading Quaker merchant trading with North America in the mid-eighteenth century. He started as a tobacco merchant trading in Virginia in the 1720s, and by 1747 was listed as the leading tobacco importer in London. Over the 1740s and 1750s his investments grew, as he came to own tobacco plantations in Virginia and Maryland and was a partner in the Ohio Company of Virginia.

As a Quaker, Hanbury often was in conflict with his faith; he armed his vessels during the Seven Years War, which most pacifist Quakers opposed. Hanbury was also at least a tacit supporter of the institution of slavery, considering that tobacco cultivation was dependant on enslaved African labor, and this also was beginning to be opposed by Quakers. Hanbury was instrumental in negotiating a compromise between the British government and the Pennsylvania Legislature, which allowed Quaker pacifists in the legislature to voluntarily withdraw from government during the Seven Years War so that the legislature could vote funds to support military activities in the colony.
Year Range from 1735
Year Range to 1740
Material Hard Paste Porcelain
Place of Origin Made in Jingdezhen, China
Collection The Reeves Center
Collector David Sanctuary Howard Collection of Armorial Porcelain Coffee Cups
On View Reeves Center, Chinese Armorial Gallery