|Object Name||Cup, Coffee|
Displaying the arms of a husband and wife on two separate, but touching, shields is known as arms acccollée. This is a purely decorative treatment. Arms acccollée were more commonly used in Continental Europe than in Britain.
This cup is from a dinner and tea service made for Samuel Peach and his wife, Christina. Samuel Peach was a director of the East India Company from 1773 to 1784. He died in 1790.
The arms in pretence and accollée are of Cockburn, and should be the arms of his wife. However, Samuel Peach did not marry a Miss Cockburn, rather he married Christina Cox in 1756. As the roosters, or cocks, on the shield are a pun on both the name Cox and Cockburn, it is likely that either Samuel or Christina made a mistake or appropriated the Cockburn arms.
The rather complicated arms are the result of two heraldic heiresses who married into the Small family. The quartered arms on shield on the left are a result of the marriage between Samuel Peach's father, John Peach, and his mother, Sarah Small, who was an heraldic heiress. The arms in pretence (the small shield on top of his shield) suggest that Christina Cox was an heraldic heiress as well.
|Year Range from||1770|
|Year Range to||1775|
|Material||Hard Paste Porcelain|
|Place of Origin||Made in Jingdezhen, Decorated in Guangzhou (Canton), China|
|Collection||The Reeves Center|
|Collector||David Sanctuary Howard Collection of Armorial Porcelain Coffee Cups|
|On View||Reeves Center, Chinese Armorial Gallery|