University Collections of Art and History

Object Record

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Catalog Number 2015.9.1
Object Name Cup, Coffee
Description Coffee cup having a cylindrical body, rounded bottom, raised foot ring, and loop handle, painted in overglaze famille rose enamels with an elaborate coat of arms on the front of the cup opposite the handle, the insignia of the Order of the Garter on the sides, floral sprays scattered between the arms and Garter, and a spearhead border at the outer rim.

The arms consist of two oval shields accollé (leaning against one another), flanked by two supporters; one the left is a Moor (Muslims from North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, Sicily or Malta) and on the right is a British lion. Above the two shields is a crest consisting of a moor's head and an earl's coronet. Below the two shields is the motto "FIDE ET AMORE". The shield on the left is of Seymour quartering Conway, surrounded by the ribbon of the Order of the Garter inscribed "HONI SOIT QUE MAL Y PENSE." The shield on the right is of Fitzroy, and it and the lion are charged with the baton sinister; a symbol of illegitimate birth.

The cup is from a service made for Francis Seymour-Conway (1718-1794), Earl of Herford, and his wife Isabella FitzRoy. Francis and Isabella were a power couple with connections to royalty; Francis was descended from the brother of Jane Seymour, wife of Henry VIII, and Isabella was the granddaughter of Henry Fitzroy, the illegitimate son of Charles II and his mistress Barbara Villiers. Francis was made a Knight of the Garter, the highest chivalric honour in Britain 1757.
Year Range from 1770
Year Range to 1775
Material Hard Paste Porcelain
Place of Origin Made in Jingdezhen, decorated in Guangzhou (Canton), China
Collection The Reeves Center
On View Reeves Center, Chinese Armorial Porcelain Gallery