University Collections of Art and History

Object Record

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Catalog Number 2008.9.369
Object Name Cup, Coffee
Description This cup is from a service probably made for Archibald Fraser of Scotland (1736-1815), who, but for the dramatic history of Scotland in the eighteenth century, would have been the 13th Lord Lovat.

Archibald was the son of Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat and chief of the Clan Fraser. The 11th Lord had been a supporter of the Jacobite Rising in 1745, which sought to return the Stuart kings to the British throne (James II of England had been deposed in 1688 during the Glorious Revolution). Captured at the Battle of Culloden (which ended the 1745 Rising and effectively ended the Stuart attempts to recapture the throne), Fraser was convicted of treason and beheaded in 1747. He was the last person to be publically beheaded in Britain. For his crimes he was also attainted, meaning his estates and his title were confiscated by the crown.

Archibald Fraser had been with his father at Culloden, but because of his youth was pardoned. He entered politics, and served as British Consul at Tripoli and Algiers, and as a Member of Parliament. One of his causes in Parliament was an attempt to repeal the ban on traditional Scottish attire like the kilt which had been outlawed following the 1745 Rising.

In 1763 he married Jane Fraser. They had five sons, all of whom predeceased their parents.

This cup is from one of three services made for the Fraser family; the earliest was made about 1745, possibly for Simon Fraser. The second was made for Lady Lovat, Simon Fraser's widow, around 1755.
Year Range from 1783
Year Range to 1787
Material Hard Paste Porcelain
Place of Origin Made in Jingdezhen, Decorated in Guangzhou (Canton), China
Collection The Reeves Center
Credit line Gift of H.F. Lenfest and Beverly M. DuBose III
On View Reeves Center, Chinese Armorial Gallery
Gallery ID Number 2371